Otitis Media or the middle ear infection is commonly suffered by babies under the age of 3 years old. This condition happens after a baby has had an upper respiratory infection. The middle ear infection is difficult to identify and may affect the baby's development. You need to be wary when your baby refuses to sleep in a recumbent position, tries to rub his/her ear all the time, refuses to eat, and has a prolonged fever and cold with yellowish liquid coming out of his/her nose and ear.
When your baby has a cold, his/her nasal lavage swells and mucus accumulates behind the bridge of the nose, where nasal and pharyngeal bacteria proliferate and then spread to the ear. This condition will worsen if your baby has a cold on a frequent basis. If not treated properly, your baby may suffer from hearing problems. The middle ear has a passage to the pharynx, and if this passage is swelling due to infection, the liquid that should flow out is blocked in the middle ear. This accumulation of liquid becomes a place where bacteria proliferate, and when the liquid is infected, otitis media or the middle ear infection occurs.
Exclusive breastfeeding may actually help reduce the risk of the infection or inflammatory disease of your baby's middle ear. Breast milk can help strengthen your baby's immune system, so they will not easily catch a cold. Even when he/she has a cold, breast milk can prevent the infection from spreading to your baby's middle ear. Aside from enhancing immunity to infections, breast milk also protects the baby from allergies that cause prolonged cold.
Treatments for the inflammatory diseases of the middle ear should be under the supervision of an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist. Late treatments for the infection may cause damage to your baby's eardrum. Therefore, you should be on the lookout when your baby shows the symptoms mentioned above. Do not let the conditions continue because it can be fatal or impede your baby's development. Your baby may suffer from hearing loss and he/she will have difficulties in learning to talk.